What are Cannabis Terpenes? Guide on the benefits and why they will be the future

Cosa sono i Terpeni della Cannabis? Guida sui benefici e sul perché saranno il futuro

What are Cannabis Terpenes? Guide on the benefits and why they will be the future

: 🕰️
Andrea Batticani : ✍🏼

There is something about the aroma of cannabis that calms the mind and body. Whether it's the sweet fruity taste of Pineapple Trainwreck or that skunky smell bursting from a crushed bud of Sour Diesel , we now know there's something going on beneath their complex, flavorful bouquets.

Terpenes are the component you appreciate with your sense of smell, and knowing what they are and whether you are a medical patient or a recreational user will deepen your appreciation for cannabis!

What are cannabis terpenes?

Secreted in the same glands that produce cannabinoids like THC and CBD , terpenes are aromatic oils that color cannabis strains with distinctive aromas like citrus, berry, mint, and pine.

Terpenes play a key role in differentiating the effects of various cannabis strains. Some terpenes promote relaxation and stress, while others promote focus and sharpness.

Not unlike other strong-smelling plants and flowers, the development of terpenes in cannabis began for natural adaptive purposes: repelling predators and attracting pollinators. There are many factors that influence a plant's terpene development, including climate, weather, age and maturation, fertilizers, soil type, and even time of day.

Over 100 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant, and each strain tends towards a unique terpene type and composition. In other words, a strain like Cheese and its descendants will likely have a cheese-like odor, and Blueberry offspring will often inherit the typical berry odor.

The range of flavors that make up different cannabis strains is quite impressive, but arguably the most fascinating characteristic of terpenes is their ability to interact synergistically with other compounds in the plant, such as cannabinoids . In recent decades, most cannabis strains have been bred to contain high levels of THC and, as a result, other cannabinoids such as CBDhave been left somewhat on the sidelines (with the exception of the last year!). This has led many to believe that terpenes play a key role in differentiating the effects of various cannabis strains.

Every single terpene is associated with unique and very specific effects. Some promote relaxation and stress relief, while others promote concentration and sharpness. Linalool, for example, is believed to be relaxing while limonene elevates mood.

The effect profile of a given terpene can change in the presence of other compounds in a phenomenon known as the entourage effect . More research is needed to understand the effect of each terpene when used in harmony with others.

Their differences may be subtle, but terpenes can add great depth to the art of growing and cannabis knowledge. More importantly, terpenes may offer added medical value as they mediate our body's interaction with therapeutic cannabinoids.

Many cannabis testing labs now test for terpene content, so you may have a better idea of ​​what effects one strain might produce, rather than another. With their almost limitless combinations of synergistic effects, we are confident that terpenes will open up new scientific and medical possibilities for cannabis research.

Most common cannabis therapeutics

(Elysse Feigenblatt / Leafly)


(Elysse Feigenblatt /Leafly)

Aroma: pine

Vaporizes at : 311º F (155ºC)

Potential effects: alertness, memory retention, neutralizes some effects of THC

Potential medical value: treatment of asthma , pain , inflammation , ulcers , anxiety , cancer

Also found in: Pine needles, rosemary, basil, parsley, dill


(Elysse Feigenblatt/Leafly)

Aroma: cardamom, clove, musky, earthy, herbal

Vaporizes at : 332º F (167ºC)

Potential effects: sedative "couch" effect, relaxing

Potential medical value: antioxidant ; treatment of insomnia , pain and inflammation

Also found in: mango, lemongrass, thyme, hops


(Elysse Feigenblatt / Leafly)

Aroma: citrus

Vaporizes at : 348ºF (176ºC)

Potential effects: elevated mood, stress relief

Potential medical value: treatment of anxiety , depression , inflammation , pain and cancer

Also found in: fruit peels, rosemary, juniper, peppermint


(Elysse Feigenblatt/Leafly)

Aroma: pepper, spicy, woody, cloves

Vaporizes at : 266ºF (130ºC)

Potential effects: Stress relief

Potential medical value: treatment of pain , anxiety/depression , ulcers

Also found in: black pepper, cloves, cinnamon


( Elysse Feigenblatt/Leafly)

Aroma: floral

Vaporizes at : 388ºF (198ºC)

Potential effects: mood enhancement, sedation

Potential medical value: treatment of anxiety , depression , insomnia , pain , inflammation , and neurodegenerative diseases

Also found in: lavender


(Elysse Feigenblatt/Leafly)

Aroma: hops, woody, earthy

Vaporizes at: 222ºF (106ºC)

Potential medical value: anti-inflammatory

Also found in: hops, coriander, cloves, basil


(Elysse Feigenblatt/ Leafly)

Aroma: Sweet, herbal and woody

Vaporizes at: 122ºF (50ºC)

Potential medical value: antiviral, anti-fungal, antiseptic, decongestant, antibacterial

Also found in: mint, parsley, pepper, basil, mango, orchids and kumquats


(Elysse Feigenblatt/Leafly)

Aroma: Piney, floral and herbal

Vaporizes at : 366ºF (186ºC)

Potential effects: relaxing

Potential medical value: antioxidant, sedative, antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-cancer

Also found in: nutmeg, tea tree, conifers, apples, cumin and lilacs

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